THE CARIBBEAN // THE BAHAMAS // LONG ISLAND
City/Settlement: Simms and Clarence Town
Location: Located 150 miles southeast of Nassau
Size: The island stretches north to south for 60 miles and is
only one-and-a-half miles wide on average, with its
broadest point measuring three miles
Population: Approximately 3,000
Images Courtesy of: Bahamas Tourist Office
Long Island was originally named Yuma by the Lucayan Indians and was renamed
Fernandina by Christopher Columbus upon his third landfall in the New World.
Then, in 1790, Fernandina was settled by Loyalists from the Carolinas and their
slaves. They built large plantations and produced sea-island cotton until the
abolition of slavery, which made them unprofitable. Pace of life has not changed
much from Long Islandís deep past. The carriage road, built more than a century
ago, is lined by the islandís major settlements of Burnt Ground, Simms, Wood Hill,
Clarence Town, Roses and South Point, all situated around the islandís harbours
Today, many of the Loyalist mansions still stand as a reminder of the islandís past.
Although the plantations are overgrown and non-productive, agriculture is still a
very important part of life. Pot-hole farming, which is a method that utilizes fertile
holes in the limestone where fertile top-soil collects, yields much of the food supply
for the other islands, including peas, corn, pineapples and bananas. Raising sheep,
goats and pigs is also popular amongst Long Islanders.
Long Island is one of the most scenic hideaways in The Islands Of The Bahamas,
famous for its world class scuba diving and bonefishing. The island is divided by
the Tropic Of Cancer and is bordered on each side by two contrasting coasts, one
with soft-white beach and the other with rocky headlands that descend into the sea
and serve as boundaries for the crashing waves. The topography of the island
varies as wellófrom sloping hills in the northeast to low hillsides in the south to
stark white flatlands to swampland to pristine beaches, all of which combine to
create a picturesque landscape and an ideal haven for seamen, sun-lovers and
Chartered flights are available to transport passengers directly to Long Island from South Florida:
- Island Express (954-359-6953
- Yellow Air Taxi (888.935.5694)
- Locair (877-359-3099)
The following airlines leave from Nassau and fly to Long Island:
- Bahamasair (800-222-4262)
- Southern Air (242-377-2014)
- Sky Bahamas (242-377-8993)
- PineApple Air (242-377-0140)
Accommodation options on Long Island include:
- Cape Santa Maria Beach Resort (800-663-7090)
- Stella Maris Resort Club(800-426-0466)
- Gems at Paradise Resort (242-337-3016)
- Chez Pierre (242-338-8809)
- Winter Haven Inn (866-348-5935)
Maxís Conch Bar & Grill:
All visitors to Long Island should visit this very cute, very quaint Bahamian Conch Shack for their taste of Long Islandís best conch salad. Other specialty dishes include: jerk chicken/pork, grilled conch, fish, peasín rice and various soups.
It takes determination and the help of a resident of the area
to reach the ruins of the old Dunmore estate. This former slave plantation house,
built of limestone with two fireplaces and chimneys, is located in Dunmoreís, a very
small settlement in the south. There are still drawings of sailboats used during the
plantation era on the walls. About half a mile from the site rest two pillars,
apparently the remaining gate-posts of the plantation.
St. Maryís Church:
St. Maryís is thought to have been built by the Spanish in the
17th century. It is said to be the oldest church on Long Island and there are plans
to add St. Maryís to the national register of historic places.
Deanís Blue Hole:
Gaze in wonder at the worldís deepest blue hole, dipping some 600 feet into the ocean floor right off shore.
Explore the cave system where Lucayan artifacts were discovered in 1935.
U.S. currency is accepted and is interchangeable with the Bahamian dollar. In
September through May, the temperature on the Island averages 70 to 75 degrees
Fahrenheit; the rest of the year is warmer, with temperatures between 80 and 85
degrees. Nighttime temperatures are generally cooler by 5-7 degrees. All U.S.
citizens and foreign nationals traveling to/from the United States to/from The
Bahamas are required to present a valid passport, passport card or WHTI-compliant
document to re-enter the United States. All Canadian citizens traveling to/from
Canada to/from The Bahamas are required to present either a valid passport, an
official birth certificate or an original naturalization/citizenship certificate. For more
information please visit Bahamas.com.
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